13 Beautiful Provinces & Regions in Panama

Martina Rosado
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Bocas del Toro

Bocas del Toro is situated on the narrowest point where the Panama Gulf meets the Caribbean Sea. The name of the province comes from the Spanish form of the Bocas Islands, a group of islands in the Bay of Cocos. The islands lie some 50 miles west of Bocas and are in turn part of the main island of Panama.

The province’s capital is Bocas del Toro and many islands are located in the province as well. The islands lie more than 100 miles off shore from Panama City. The terrain of Bocas del Toro is well forested with mangroves and eucalyptus trees dominating the area.

The province is bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Gulf of Chiriqui to the south. The district of Darien to the west also belongs to the province.

The province is one of the most sparsely populated regions in Panama. The province’s capital is rural and not heavily populated with just a few areas having some development.

The biggest town in the province is Changuinola. Other small localities include Steve’s Marina, Mongo, San Miguel, Chico, Peralta, and Chiriqui Grande.


Chiriquí is a province of Panama. It is the most populated of the province and its capital is David. Chiriquí is bordered on the west and north by Veraguas, on the east by Herrera, and on the south by Bocas del Toro. Its economy is based on agriculture and commercial fishing.

Some of the most important cities in this province are David, Capira, La Comendadora, and Bocas del Toro. Chiriquí is known for its beaches, where you can find white sand, turquoise water, and coral reefs. Some of the best looking beaches are in Bocas del Toro.

The most important islands in this province are Bocas del Toro, San Miguel, Santa Fe, and Volcón.



Colón is the largest city and capital of the Colón Province. It is located in the Central American isthmus, on the Gatun Lake. Colón is part of the Panama Canal and also houses the Miraflores Locks, both of which are Panama’s most important military and economical installations.

The city is located on the North shore of the Panama Canal. It can be easily accessed via water and air transportation. National and international flights are landed on the Panamá-Colon Airport.

Colón is surrounded by lakes: Teniente Cristina, Changuinola, and Los Alemanes. Another peculiar place is Poas Volcano, the largest one in Latin America.

The climate in Colón is temperate and it is characterized by light rains during the summer. The average temperature is 75°F (24°C). There is little to no night temperatures and less than 20 inches (500 mm) of rain in average, resulting in over 200 sunny days per year.

Once the capital of the province, La Chorrera was one of the most important economical, educational and cultural centers in Panama.


Darién is a province in the western part of Panama and it is one of the least explored and visited destinations in Panama.

This province is located between the provinces Veraguas and Scorpion and the border with Costa Rica. The region possess abundant natural resources, including fresh water lakes and rivers, rich wildlife and has a diverse and unique culture.

The territory of Darién extends to a diverse landscape that goes from the Andean foothills to the Caribbean Sea. The climate of the province is warm and agradable and is considered one of the most green provinces in Panama.

The population of the province is a product of a mix of Afro and indigenous heritage, reinforced in the setting by mestizo families. The indigenous population of this region is Sierra Jackson Mixe and Choco and the Afro-descendent population is mainly Afro-Panamanian in culture and with the tradition of abakuñí and the religion of Santero.

The geography of the region is graced of mountains, valleys, lakes, rivers and dense rainforests. The most important rivers are the Darién River, Sumichó River, Mamee River and Ita No.


  • A principal city of Herrera province, it is the capital of Herrera with a population of 39.402 inhabitants. Herrera is celebrated for being an agricultural region with important agricultural crops, such as cocoa, coffee and cardamom. The capital city also has auto production industry as well as playing host to the second stage of the history of Panama.
  • Monkey Head Island National Park, within the island is a popular attraction with tourists and tourists. It is an ancestral home to the indigenous Wakawaka people which was slowly converted into the park which has a small zoo and other attractions such as native countries.
  • Marίa Auxiliadora
  • Marίa Auxiliadora is a small island of the island that is famous for its beaches, beautiful promenade and surrounded by spectacular scenery of the mountainous continental coastline. It has been called the area of playing with the elements.
  • Bocas Del Toro
  • Bocas del Toro is a small province of Panama which has become famous for its beautiful beaches and reefs. The province consists of two peninsulas about 84 km apart and is also known for its water sports activities such as snorkeling and diving.
  • Santa Fe De Veraguas
  • It is a small province of Panama famous for its turquoise waters and small white sand islands. It has ideal weather for beaches and diving at its best.

Los Santos

Do you know how many times you’ve used the word beautiful and Panama in the same article? None!

With warm weather the whole year round, beaches, and an overall very interesting mix of cultures, Panama has truly earned its spot as one of the world’s most beautiful places.

And, if you ask me, the best part of Panama is the perspective it’s all presented from. Not only is Panama the largest island in the world without a coastline, it also has the majority of land area located south of the equator. It’s one of the few places in the world where you can look straight up in the noon sunlight and see the reflection of the sun in the Southern Cross… almost.

While some of Panama’s come from its culture and location, others come from the weather. Panama’s cloudiest periods occur between November and January, and they are most likely to be found in the Los Santos de Talamanca.

Los Santos de Talamanca is located in the province of Azuera in Panama. This province is covered in grasslands and high-altitude volcanic peaks and valleys. This area is a great place to hike and camp, as it drains into the rain forest and mangrove regions and offers beautiful and serene views.


Panamá Oeste

The Chiriquá Province is located in the southwest of Panama. It is one of the most touristic areas of Panama, the Chiriquá Mountains are known for their beauty and history. The best places to visit in the Chiriquá are: La Allende, San Fácil or Kuna Yala.


This province is located along the Isthmus of Panama, it is accessible by road from Panama City. It is a privileged spot in the Panama's geography, offering panoramic views of lush tropical jungles, and the Portobelo bay.

Panama Province

This province has beautiful scenery and hosts some of the country's most important historical sites. Boquete, the capital of the province, is famous for it colorful cobbled streets and its natural beauty. It is known as the Switzerland of Central America.

Los Santos Province

The Sántos Province is a tropical grassland and is known for its vegetation. Because of its pristine nature, the area serves as a refuge for many rare species of birds and animals.


Veraguas is located in the South of Panama. It has a great biodiversity with a beautiful waterfalls and landscapes, one of the most visited attractions is El Chorro.

Another attraction is Nestoría River, it is one of the biggest rivers in Central America and is also one of the deepest.

The most important city in Veraguas is Santiago (population 76,000).

Indigenous regions

Parrita, a petroglyph of a bocote tree, in the easternmost part of Panama.

Indigenous Regions of Panama

Indigenous regions, or indigenous reserves, are areas controlled by indigenous peoples.

The indigenous peoples of Panama are composed of 16 different indigenous groups, some of which were exposed to the Spanish conquest and others of which were not. From the early 16th century to the mid 18th century the Spanish conquest of Panama consisted of a series of expeditions to establish bases in Panama and to explore the land and resources in this part of tropical America. Even though the Kuna people, who held the land of the six indigenous reserves in Panama, were not affected by the Spanish conquest, the Spanish conquered the indigenous peoples of the mainland of the country.

Some indigenous reserves in Panama remain uncontacted and isolated, such as the Kuna Yala.

Parrita, a petroglyph of a bocote tree, in the easternmost part of Panama.


Housed inside the Ember’n National Park, the Emberán province is the gateway to Panama’s largest natural spectacle, the Emberán Volcano. Dense jungles spread throughout the abundant birdlife that you will see during and after your tour. Surrounded by a tropical setting, the province has a welcoming heat. And for those who love the water, the province offers a multitude of coral reefs, different coral species, and a variety of living things in the sea.

A trip to the Emberán province will take you to the place where the Chiriqué culture flourished. A trip to Emberán will give you a glimpse of the past and present, as you explore the centuries’ old Latin American tradition.

In 1963, the province of Emberán was created. It was named after the volcano of the same name in the Chiriqué province, which was named after the Emberán Indians who inhabited it. In that same year, the main town of Paquera was created. Its founding was decided on after the area was found to be a good place to station garrisons.

Paquera became the capital and place of all national, municipal, and religious festivities.

Guna Yala

Panama offers many attractive tourist destinations, from the metropolitan city of Panama City to one of the most wild and quiet corners of the country, the Guna Yala sierra.

This area, which is at the very center of Panama, is shared between two countries: Panama and Colombia. It is a small region, with around half a million people living within its area. In the north, there is a border with Colombia. On the South, the border is with Panama.

It is a wild and very beautiful corner of Panama, with a natural wealth of nature, fauna and flora. Indeed, this is the most important area of the country for the preservation of its wild flora and fauna.

The region of Guna Yala dominates the country in terms of number of endemic species.

Around 43% of the plant species are endemic to this territory. In this area, there are around a thousand identified species of fauna and more than three hundred known mammal species.

In this region, you will feel the presence of the Amazonian forests, flora and fauna, as well as the wild life species of the jungle and the caves.

To visit the Guna Yala territory, we recommend that you do the route by car … a trip of six hours.


Covering a total area of approximately 1.5 million square kilomètres, Ngäbe-Buglé Province consists of large islands located in the Pacific Ocean northwest of Panama City. The largest island is San Bias and the other main islands are El Congo and Alajuela.