10 Best Places to Visit in Egypt

Martina Rosado
Written by
Last update:

Hurghada

Hurghada is a town located in the Red Sea Governorate of the country of Egypt. It is one of the best places to go and visit in Egypt. Located on the southern coastline of the Red Sea, it is very close to the relaxed and peaceful island of Sharm el-Sheikh. In 2010, it had been voted best tourist destination in Egypt and has the world’s highest hotel occupancy rates.

It’s a great tourist destination spot to go and relax, enjoy the sun and swim in the warm waters of the Red Sea. It’s also a great time to visit to take advantage of the less than ideal weather during winter months.

There are several great restaurants and bars in the region where you can enjoy the sights and night life. One of the greatest attractions is the Tomb of Queen Karthoum…the world’s longest underground gallery gallery…which was an 18th century project of the wife of Muhammad Ali, the ruler of Egypt at the time.

If you get the chance, you can find the oldest lighthouse in Egypt…which was built in 1873…at a small island off shore from the town of Hurghada. It’s a great place for fishing or chartering a boat and enjoying the great blue waters.

Alexandria

With its long and rich history, Alexandria was one of the most desirable locations to live in by both Greeks and Romans. Later it became one of the first great cities of the world, but in recent years it has become a popular destination for those looking for beach vacations. Though Alexandria was largely destroyed in numerous earthquakes, its historic buildings, such as the Pharos lighthouse, continue to stand.

Today, hotels and shopping malls have taken the place of most of the ancient landmarks, but this ancient city is still proud and lively. Along the shore of the Mediterranean, you can find Alexandria and its historical sites.

The city was founded in 331 BC by Alexander the great, one of the most famous kings of the ancient world. He called it Alexandropolis for Alexander and the great. Alexandropolis was later renamed Alexandria after this king.

Visit the city’s comprehensive museum that holds statues, paintings and artifacts from the ancient world. The museum is said to be the largest in the world and is also used to store ancient finds that have been found throughout the history of Alexandria.

Also see the library of Alexandria, the Temple of Alexander the great and the Pharos and the lighthouse. The library was originally established to keep free from any tampering.

Saqqara

Saqqara is a burial ground located in the outskirts of Saqqara City and in the vicinity of Memphis in Lower Egypt. It lies just south of Memphis, and the eastern part is in the western bank of the Nile.

Saqqara is one of the oldest archaeological sites where architectural remains especially related to ancient Egyptian civilization were first uncovered (discovered).

The archaeological context of Saqqara covers about 36 acres, and it features the remains of the Djoser pyramid, as well as numerous monuments and tombs.

This is when Memphis was the capital of Ancient Egypt. Memphis was the center of the cult of the god Ptah. He was said to have ruled from a temple in Memphis where he resided in the form of a sacred bull. This bull carried the name “Mnevis” and was a symbol that identified the city and was strongly associated with it. The formal name of Memphis was , "Thebes" or "City of the T

”The ancient capital of Egypt was known as , "The Bees" during the Middle Kingdom.

This is not a tourist site; it has a detour from our path to Luxor.

It is very important to remember the archaeology and history of this site.

The most important monuments are the Step pyramid of Djoser and the mastaba of Unas.

Siwa Oasis

Siwa Oasis in Egypt is one of the most famous tourism destinations in the world. Filled with dramatic landscapes dominated by sand dunes, the oasis is ideal for sandboarding, sandrunning and sand-buggy riding.

The Siwa Oasis is also the home of the ancient Siwa civilization. Dating back to the Bronze Age, the Siwa civilization was an urban center known for divine stone statues, or effigies ” the result of their advanced quartz technology.

The Siwa Oasis is also a great location for safari vacations that will introduce you to the massive wildlife population that lives in this region. To make this one of the more exciting places to visit, combine it with the ancient Siwa civilization and the modern Siwa Oasis.

Siwa Oasis Facts

Population: 80,000

Area: 66 square miles (172 square km)

Nationality: 44.8% Egyptian, 40.2% foreigner

Climate: Hot and dry

Summer high: 100 F (37 C)

Winter high: 95 F (35 C)

Language: Egyptian

Mean daily high in Celsius: 37 C

Geography: Sand dunes, small hills and plains

Animals: Camel, tiger, cheetah, ostrich and mongoose

Mineral: Quartz

Sharm el-Sheikh

Sharm el-Sheikh can be described as a white-washed combination of lagunas and azure waters. It’s the perfect place to enjoy the sun, where the air is crisp and fresh, and not take away one’s breath.

Discovery Focuses on the Historical Side of Egypt

The Sharm el-Sheikh peninsula is the result of a formation of limestone and carbonadenous gorges, beginning with the eruption of the volcano, which began in 1815 BC. Soon after, the peninsula we know today was created as the result of a rising sea level, due to major earthquakes.

Discovery surrounds:

One of the most interesting parts of this discovery is the creation of the snakelike sharm el-sheikh as a result of the formation of the cliffs from the hardened lava. One feature at the Sharm el-Sheikh resort is the explorer’s resort, a complex of villas that are surrounded by palm trees and golf courses.

The white beaches and the view of the red towers of Sharm El Sheikh from an aerial view.

One of the most popular attractions is the Historical Museum, which contains Egyptian antiquities, as well as hieroglyphic displays of animals and beliefs of ancient Egyptians.

Dahshur

This is a UNESCO World Heritage site that was built by the ancient Egyptians. This site was remodeled in accordance with the famous Middle Kingdom project to create bordering reservoirs that mirrored the entire city.

You will also find several tombs and temples amidst the area. Of course, there are also many drawings and hieroglyphs to take a look at as well. This area of Dahshur was the site of some of the oldest population that ever lived on earth.

The Tombs of Er-Nasaf were created by the fifth dynasty. The complex comprises of three tombs built in the third quarter of the third millennium BC. The tombs are of different sizes, and the middle one has a really interesting design.

This is the tomb of the wife of the famous Pharaoh Nebhepetre-Ra, Queen Khentkaus I. The queen built two identical tombs. The tombs were connected by a causeway which was flanked by tall obelisks.

Aswan

This Dam was started in 1902 and finished in 1930 and makes up the Aswan Dam Reservoir.

It has been a major cause of the disappearance of the West Bank, the Aswan overflow (an artificial lake), and the disappearance of Lake Nasser.

It is the second largest in the world after the Three Gorges Dam in China. This Dam is 660 ft (200 m) high and consists of 7,200 ft (2,200 m) of water in the reservoir. The water is known for its clarity and for having good freshwater fishing.

Due to the Dam’s construction, it has effected the environment and wildlife along the Nile to the north and south of the Dam.

Nearby to the Dam is the Temple of Philae, which was built by the Ancient Egyptians on the island of that name, located at the very beginning of the Dam.

The Dam was opened in 1971 and has been a source of power and irrigation.

There is a regular passenger ferry that stops at the Dam, however, the Dam is closed to the public day and night.

The Aswan High Dam is considered by most as one of the best places to visit in Egypt and has been nominated by many people as one of the great places to visit in the World.

Cairo

­ See the Pyramids of Giza Here, Egyptians have been building pyramids since the 2nd Millennium BC. The Pyramids of Giza are considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World and remain a powerful draw for archaeologists and tourists alike.

The Pyramids at Giza Description

These massive structures are the only surviving Pyramids built in the ancient world, and arguably the most visited historical sites on the planet. Ancient Egyptians used these structures as tombs or holy monuments.

The smaller of the two structures is the Pyramid of Khafre, which is the largest pyramid at Giza. The second structure is called the Pyramid of Menkaure, though there is some debate over the original builders of this pyramid.

The larger of the two is the Pyramid of Khufu, which is the largest pyramid in the world. It is also the only one built out of solid rock and is over 100 feet tall. It is also the last pyramid built of this size in ancient Egypt.

The best thing about all this is that you don't have to be an Egyptologist to feel a part of this ancient society, as almost everyone is welcomed to visit.

The best thing to do when visiting the pyramids is to spend the entire time walking around, allowing you to see and experience this incredible historical site first hand.

Luxor

Luxor is one of the biggest and most important historical cities of Ancient Egypt. Here you can see many major monuments like the Colossi of Memnon and the Valley of the Kings. Where ancient Egypt began, Luxor today is a stunning historical scenery with a rich culture, interesting entertainment and must-eat local food.

Agoudim village

Agoudim village is a famous site of the ancient world which displays the essence of the ancient civilization that at one time was the center of governance for the ancient world. The village has a well-preserved ancient Egyptian temple and a sacred lake of more than 8km in length.

The Valley of the Kings

The Valley of the Kings is a system of three ancient and wonderful burial places of the late 11th Dynasty. The main members of the Pharaoh, including the wives, sons and even advisors were buried in these tombs. This place is a must-visit for visitors who wish to see beautiful monuments and lost civilisation hidden in Egypt’s sand.

Memnon

Giza Necropolis

The Old Kingdom Pyramid Complex at Giza’s Necropolis is a sheer wonder to behold. These towering monuments to pharaonic dynasties from the centuries of Dynastic Egypt are among some of the oldest ancient wonders on the planet.

These five magnificent pyramids comprise the tomb complex of the pharaoh Khafre and are among the best known in the world. Their striking contrast to the sand-covered earth makes them part of Giza’s most famous landmarks.

The best of these are the pyramid of Khafre, the pyramid of Menkaure, the Bent Pyramid, the Red Pyramid and the pyramid of Khufu. The Bent Pyramid at the site is also a wonder to behold, and is also part of the Solar Barque Temple. The Solar Barque Temple was built sometime in the 17th century, then it was renovated and renamed the temple of Khonsu.

The pyramid complex of Menkaure at Giza is the smallest of the three major pyramids at Giza. It is also one of the best preserved ones. The pyramid is located near the Menkaure Pyramid on the northeast edge of the Giza Plateau.

Map of Egypt

For an in depth look at Cairo, scroll below the map to the sidebar. More detailed maps will be available in the online guide.