Lumbini is best known as the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, the most important spiritual figure in the Buddhist religion. It is believed that the Buddha arrived in the area around the year 563 B.C. by the invitation of the Mallas.
Buddha then stayed in Lumbini until he attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya in the 5th Century BC. Lumbini is located on the banks of the Tons River, which is joined by the Lara Kantha to form the Alakananda.
The Buddha lived as an ascetic, a homeless wanderer. He gave up his luxurious life and started the life of an “abhi-sakshi,” someone witness to the real world.
His journey to Enlightenment took 18 years and he attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya. As per the tradition, he delivered his first discourse to the five companions of his journey.
Buddha always described Lumbini as: “A spot where out of compassion the one who conquered Mara stepped down from his chariot and paid respect.”
Known as one of the holiest cities of Nepal, Janakpur is located in the Southern Terai plains. Janakpur was the capital of ancient, Hindu Kingdom of Malla that ruled over Nepal during the 18th Century to the 20th Century. The nearby Sahebganj is a historical and cultural treasure.
The Sahebganj Palace used to be the palace of King Amar Bhonsla, who built the structure during 1764. The palace is a residence of the royal family of Nepal even now, and it is now the official residence of the President of Nepal.
Other than the palace, it boasts of several temples including the Malla Palace (Moti Masjid), Sati Kund (the flooded cemetery), and the Sita Kund (the crematory) .
With the historic past and the modern day events, Janakpur is well known for its religious harmony activity. It holds the biggest religious festival called the Janakpur Fair. The Janakpur Fair is held twice a year in the month of July and September.
Chitwan National Park
Nepal’s largest national park and a spectacular World Heritage Site, Chitwan is home to dozens of wildlife species. It is also one of the top bird watching destinations in Nepal. The combination of all of these attractions makes Chitwan one of our favorite places to visit in Nepal.
Nomads and Wildlife
Nepal's vast Chitwan Valley has been home to tropical wildlife in its pristine state for over 50 million years. That’s because the area remained untouched by modern humans thanks to the cultural significance of the Chitwan hills and nearby rivers. The dense rainforests and their rich biodiversity, as well as the nearby rivers, have maintained this impressive avian bounty all these years.
There are more than 350 bird species in Chitwan National Park, including the lesser adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus) and little bittern (Ixobrychus minutus), which are designated as near threatened species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Situated at the foothill of the Annapurna Mountains and Glaciers just 35 kilometers to the west of the capital city of Kathmandu lies Pokhara, a place of dramatic landscape, rich culture, and great fun. The hotel has a short road to reach Phewa Lake where a boat ride is a well-known attraction of the Pokhara. Heaps of tour packages are available for tourists to visit Pokhara with different aircrafts.
The lake, surrounded by an array of small, green hills, is referred to as the …jewel of the lake… by the locals. Moreover, it is said to be the home to crocodiles and lagoons filled with hundreds of colorful fish. The Bangla lake is the ideal place for photography enthusiasts, with plenty of opportunities to capture beautiful, breathtaking pictures of Pokhara.
The sunrise and sunset are also witnessed with an ease in the lake. As a result, the lake is used for various water sports such as sailing and water running.
Pokhara is located across the border of India and the backdrop of the Pokhara lake covers Khudang Nyepi- the Hindu Festival of Silence. The locals begin the day by rising early and celebrating.
Dating back to 635 AD and thus known as the oldest structure in the Valley of Kathmandu, Patan Kancha can be entered on foot from Jagdamba.
This temple houses more than 200 inscriptions, 71 of which are preserved on stone pillars on either side of the passage leading to the inner courtyard. The Kala Pahar (Black Pillar) in the courtyard was used to weigh the annual taxes paid to the local king and has been dated to the 5th century AD.
Inside the temple, inscription records are protected with tiers of platform roofs. The temple’s most precious artifact, the Siddhi Samavay (Siddhi is the Sanskrit for perfection, and Samavaya means "collective effort"), the stone taken from the three-mile-high Panch Pokhari at the base of Kathmandu, was erected by the statue of Siddhi Gautami, known as the “Mother of Gautama Buddha,” who lived in the 5th century BC.
It was the 15th Earl of Macduff who deciphered the Sanskritcarved on the stone in 1931 and deciphered the Sanskrit engraving on the stone.
Bhaktapur is a town located in the Kathmandu Valley region of Nepal. It is nestled in Patan and Bhaktapur. Bhaktapur is a historic town and is known as an architectural treasure in Nepal, with its historic and cultural heritage. Bhaktapur was the first urban settlement in Nepal.
It is home to several ancient sites, religious places and legends.
The Annapurna circuit is a place that really encapsulates the experience of the best places in Nepal. The Annapurna Circuit is a whole series of beautiful and varied landscapes, but more than that, it is the best of what Nepal has to offer.
First off, the trek. In the North of Nepal, the most popular trek is the Annapurna Circuit. There are three main trekking routes:
The one which we recommend you do, is for those who are hardy and fit everywhere. This also means that you will have to be adaptable. There may be a stretch at altitude, but nothing that will have you gasping for breath. You’ll need to be able to keep up with conversation and move efficiently.
The season for trekking also plays a huge part in your results. Trekking between April and August is likely to be the most enjoyable time, because it’s not so hot. Pre-monsoon trekking treks in the Himalaya occur from mid-June to October.
September-October is the last period of trekking, though this is also when the first monsoons arrive and the weather can be a little unpredictable. You will find the timing of this important as well as the type of trekking route that suits you best.
Despite being the most populous city in Nepal, Kathmandu is surprisingly bustling with tourists, generally speaking. This is because the Kathmandu Valley and the Kathmandu Valley Angkor Hospital contribute greatly to the income of the state.
The valley is filled with lore and legends, with people still practicing Buddhism and Hinduism. Sherpa culture is still one of the most important elements of the culture here.
The valley is also a major agricultural center; selling a large percentage of their crops to government subsidized hospitals is important for the economy of the city.
To see the historical relics and the locals still living in the ancient villages, head to the Pashupatinath Temple.
This Hindu temple is considered to be the holiest yet least frequented. The most important of all Hindu rituals are performed here.
This is also where the famous cremation of the dead takes place. The cremation of the dead is considered one of the most important Hindu traditions, with each family having their own tradition.
Kathmandu is an inspiring place to see, with the clean air and beautiful people. Make sure not to be swayed by the merchandise within the tourist areas.
Indulge in the urban landscape of the city and the mountains surrounding the valley.
Some of the places to see in Nepal are:
- Kathmandu Valley
- · Nagarkot
Map of Nepal
Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia bounded by China in the north, India in the south and east, and Bangladesh in the west. Neighbouring countries include, in the north-west, the People’s Republic of China to the north and north-east, India in the south-east, and in the west, Pakistan.
Nepal is divided into three zones, Mount Everest’s south-east, the mid-hill and the Hill region, Kalapani, Gandaki, Rara, Narayani and Karnali.
Nepal is entirely mountainous, sloping down from the Himalayas in the north and the Hindu Kush to the south. Since the lowest elevations on earth are located in Nepal, the population is concentrated in the hills. The southern portion is the least-populous region.
The Himalayas and the high mountains in the north and west make up more than two-thirds of the area of Nepal. The whole country is sub-divided into 30 administrative districts.
The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. It is located on the Trisuli River in the Kathmandu Valley, also known as Paropamisade. Other major cities in Nepal are Nepal Seti, Pokhara, Chitwan, and Lalitpur.