12 Best Things to do in Vilnius, Lithuania

Martina Rosado
Written by
Last update:

Vilnius University

In this university, our studies lasted from the spring until May of the following year. You could spend your time studying a variety of subjects, at the same time as being able to explore the capital. Vilnius is surrounded by forests, lakes, and rivers.

The university is set so that you can see this beautiful landscape from the lecture theaters. This university is very old. It was founded in 1579.

There are about 20,000 students here. There are also more than 55,000 undergrads and about 2,500 students from various foreign countries studying at Vilnius university, where some of the world’s most inspiring, influential, and creative minds come together to debate, collaborate on projects and explore, pushing boundaries in both academic and professional environments.

One of the best things about Vilnius university are their many green and outdoor spaces. They have a lot of university buildings; however, the biggest one is in front of one of their courtyards.

The Museum of Ethnography was established in 1891. It is a unique place, and it has a lot of objects collected during many years of research.

It not only has Lithuanian research, but from other countries as well. The structures included in the museum were built according to the rules of local traditional architecture.

Vilnil Museum of Illusions

The Vilnius City Museum of Art is an impressive place to explore if you love cultural history and the arts. One of the things you will see is one of the most famous self-portrait paintings by Leonardo da Vinci.

The Great Relation is a wonder to behold, and you will want to save this picture for the end of the tour. The painting is unrestored, and you will see the actual paint that Leonardo da Vinci used. The museum offers an audio guide that will guide you through the painting.

This painting is actually something very important to the entire family. Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was known to churn out tons of work, but only a very small handful of paintings are all that great.

This is one of those paintings. Even though the painting looks like a drop of water on a piece of paper, it is actually an accurate depiction of an embryo that will develop into a child.

This painting is another example of Da Vinci’s artistic skills despite suffering from a small form of autism by today’s standards. In fact, the painter was known to be more interested in developing his ideas than to follow the general directions of an artist.

Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania

Built in the 15th century, the Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania is an eclectic and unique mixture of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque styles. This palace is the most lavish and architecturally important in all of Lithuania.

It houses a museum and gallery devoted to the history of Lithuania and its MOST FAMOUS RESIDENT : “The king of the Jews”, or, more appropriately, “the last Jew of Lithuania.”

This is a fascinating part of the complex. The King of the Jews, Moses Sickels, was sent to Lithuania in 1600 by order of the sultan, who was said to have believed in his miraculous powers, including the ability to revive the dead.

According to the legend, Moses was brought to the Grand Duke of Lithuania in his palace and as a result, the Grand Duke asked him how he could benefit his subjects.

Moses replied, “First you shall remove shabbiness from your palace, then you shall erect a beautiful temple.”

Acccording to the legend, the Grand Duke decided it would be in the public interest to build this palace.

The palace housed several Jewish synagogues, including one that housed a mikvah or ritual bath.

Gediminas Tower

One of the the most emblematic landmarks of the Old Town of Vilnius is the Gediminas Tower, a medieval defensive tower, the tower was the site of the original, first and the second floor of the tower are open to the public at no charge.

The tower is located at the entrance to Vilnius on the left bank of the Vilnia River. This tall tower is the main corner tower of the Vilnius city fortification system. The first floor was completed in 1501, and the second floor in 1522.

Gediminas Tower is one of the best attractions of the city of Vilnius.

The tower is located at the entrance to the old town and it is now the historical and cultural institution of the city. The building consists of three floors: the first and second floors are reserved for the Lithuanian Museum of Ethnography; the third floor is used for exhibitions, concerts, the choral ensemble of the Vilnius State Conservatory and various cultural events.

When visiting Vilnius, you choose Vilnius Gediminas Tower as the one and only or better than others.

Teach Yourself Lithuanian Language, Economy, Culture, History, People, Etc.

Uzupis Statue

The Uzupis Statue is the only art symbol of Lithuania, depicting a dancing peasant girl (a typical folk customs of the Bielo-uponija village in the beginning of 20th century). The Uzupis village was populated around 1898. This is one of the Vilnius’ most popular attractions and can be easily reached from the center of Vilnius. It is also a common place for teenagers when going out for a night on the town and it is also a favorite hangout for young Lithuanian women in search of boyfriends.

Gediminas Castle Square

The Gediminas Castle Square is the symbol of Vilnius city. This square is a construction project in the 19th century and it was reconstructed in 1927 to a classical-historicist architecture in accordance with the old plans of 17th century palaces.

Vilnius University Library

The oldest university library in the Baltic states, the Vilnius University Library was founded in 1632 and was known as the Great Lithuanian Academy of the Catholic Church. The library was split into a secular and a religious in 1769 and later became the Vilnius University.

Gate of Dawn

The Gate of Dawn is a beautiful building that lies at the end of the Šventaragio street, which is the main downtown street of the city. The building was built in the early decades of the 20th century as a luxurious mansion. After 1945, the building served as a police station and apartments, until 1991 when it was restored to a restaurant.

The interior showcases five rooms, once used for entertaining guests with a large hall at the middle of the building.

When on the top floor, you can see the entire city of Vilnius and its famous cathedral. It’s simply beautiful.

After taking in the view, you can have a great meal at the restaurant that serves you a huge variety of traditional Lithuanian food.

The Gate of Dawn is a great place to spend a day, enjoy the view and have some food in an old mansion in Vilnius.

Baznas Street

The streets of Vilnius often change names so you better check the signs. Fortunately, it’s easy to get around the city. Usually, when you’re busy doing the things above, you won’t have time to take a bus. Vilnius’s bus and tram network is easy to navigate.

Vilnius Cathedral

Is a stunning piece of architecture. It’s in the center of the city and right next to the Old Town. It offers some great historical and religious sights or photo opportunities.

Visit the Cathedral and experience a breathtaking array of murals, frescoes, and classic religious motifs.

Take a day trip to Trakai Castles, which are just a short car ride away. They’re amazing and you’ll have an entire castle to visit – the actual castle is absolutely massive. If you walk up to the top tier, you’ll not only get great views of the different parts of the castle, but you can also take souvenir photos of yourself with the castle in the background.

Explore Old Town Vilnius. This part of the city dates back to the 13th century and is full of medieval architecture and colorful market stalls.

Vilnius has a lot of museums, such as the National Museum of Lithuania, where you can see some incredible collections of both traditional and contemporary art.

KGB Museum

(approx 20 minutes walk)

·The KGB Museum of Vilnius

·During the Soviet times, the KGB was actively involved in many forms of intelligence and counterintelligence work in the Baltic States, but it was never publicly acknowledged. That all changed in 1991 when the KGB moved its headquarters to new modern building on Aleksotas 9a. It was a high-rise tower designed by architects from Vilnius, Zymantas Daugirdas and Edwardas Diltanas. The building with a height of 35 meters symbolized the power of the Soviet establishment. Although the building is no longer used for KGB offices, the red star at the top of its roof still points to the sky. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the building was empty and in a state of disrepair, until it was renovated in 2004. Today the museum now stands on the seventh floor of this building.

Guests are free to view the expansive display of exhibits and read detailed information about the organization and its activities in the Baltic States. Some of the items on display are a camera, binoculars, passports, a typewriter, and weapons like guns and bullets. Also view personnel badges of the officers and uniforms of different ranks of the KGB. Also, visitors can admire the building which is considered one of the best examples of Soviet architectural taste.

Church of St Peter and St Paul

Located on the Vingeluju gatve, the church is one of the most visible landmarks of the city of Vilnius and it is probably the most recognizable and recognizable image of the city outside of it.

It was built in 1300 and has been the object of countless imaginations and interpretations, probably because of its multiple spires, the grandiose baroque style of it being especially interesting.

With everything being so large, it is hard not to include them in your pictures, especially since they are the most well-known symbol of the city. ❚ The Kaunas Castle – The name of the castle is very indicative of its architecture. It is a considerable defensive structure that has been in operation since the 13th century.

It has been the seat of numerous rulers and was chosen as the home of the Soviet control during the Cold War. Unfortunately for the castle, it is too far to the east of the city and was considered useless, which is why it was then used as the museum, which is the only remaining military building in the city.

Those interested in exploring its halls will find an array of military landscapes and bygone pieces of various wars. The castle was the inspiration for other structures, such as the one in Trakai. ❚ Genocide Prevention Center and Museum – The Genocide Prevention Center and Museum is without a doubt a significant piece of the history of Lithuania.

Hill of Three Crosses

The hill of three crosses is one of the best places to contemplate Lithuania’s history.

The Hill of Three Crosses is one of the most visited places in Vilnius, the capital city of Lithuania. It's also one of the country’s favorite tourist attractions.

Although it’s open for visitors, the Hill of Three Crosses is a holy site and not suitable for mass gatherings.

But you can visit and explore the Hill’s history of Jewish heritage without having to worry about crowds of people.

The Hill of Three Crosses in Vilnius is part of a larger medieval necropolis. Its three crosses are all that remain of an ancient cemetery that was once surrounded by an ancient wall. Over a period of three centuries, the Hill of Three Crosses underwent a number of changes, including the relocation of the crosses.

The Jewish quarter of Vilnius in the times of the three crosses included the “Old Town” of Vilnius as we know it today, which witnessed the flourishing of arts and crafts of the city.

The history of the three crosses on the Hill of Three Crosses goes back to the 15th century. Even though no written sources exist documenting the exact date of construction, it is estimated that the cemetery was founded around 1410.

St. Anne’s Church

Vilnius’s main attraction is this beautiful neoclassic church that houses a baroque museum.

As you are guided through the church and the museum, you are taken on a tour about the life of St. Anne.

The church was built in 1742 and its style was inspired by the baroque churches of Rome. The paint inside the church dates back to 1760.

Before entering the church, you are first instructed to remove your shoes. Once inside, you are surrounded by gilt and the frescoes on the ceiling contain biblical scenes that connote the Franco-Prussian war.

Outside in the courtyard, a bronze statue of the Virgin Mary is said to have miraculously survived the war intact.

Old Town

The Old Town Square is one of the most famous places in Vilnius. It is a collection of buildings from the 17th, 18th, and 19th century. The buildings are representative of the evolution of Vilnius from its medieval past to the modern city of today.

Along the south side of the square is the Žvėrynas (Castle Hill) with the iconic Black Madonna of Czartoryskich.

The Old Town was one of the at the very heart of the city until the 19th century when most of the city became too crowded.

This square is full of life and activity, especially in the evenings. It is particularly enjoyable to watch the choreographic precision of the bridal and pageants.

The city’s main market is also held here. This is one of the most popular areas to visit, especially when spring is in full bloom. The ground of the square is covered in green, which is lovely during the summer.

You can take a rickshaw tour of the Old Town. There are many places to stop and explore, but the best places are usually the ones the driver selects.

The city’s Art Nouveau area is just a couple of minutes away. Many of the country’s best restaurants are found here.