10 Man Made Wonders of the World

Martina Rosado
Written by
Last update:

Parthenon

In Athens, Greece.

The Parthenon was the meeting point of East and West for the world's greatest civilization of the time. On the north side of the Parthenon was a statue of the Goddess of Victory, Nike. The outline of the building was decorated with sculptures and friezes of deities.

The Parthenon served as a treasury and a place where valuable inscriptions, laws, and decrees were displayed. On the south side of the building were two statues 60 feet tall that symbolized the twin cities of Athens and Megara.

At the top of the building stood a 45-ton gilded statue of Athena, the Goddess of Wisdom. The Ninnion was a wooden structure on the north end of the roof, which served as a rain gauge. Filled with water, the Ninnion could measure rainfall up to 200 inches. The marble tiles of the roof were made at the same time as the Parthenon’s construction.

Easter Island

The Moai (statue) of Rapa Nui was carved out of a single rock. Each statue is more than 9 feet tall.

There are well over a hundred statues that were carved into seven different locations.

These statues range from 1700 BC to 1700 AD.

Most of the statues are thought to be for religious reasons because they would have been carved by hand, possibly for the death of a family member.

The discovery of the giant statue was in April 1868.

The Final Statue Was Installed on the Top of the Biggest and Tallest of the Moai on Easter Island …

However, they never finished placing the statue because the island’s soil has little mineral content and the statue was mostly just sitting on a bed of gravel.

In 1975 the island’s people voted to cover the statue with soil. They also rediscovered some of the statues that had been destroyed.

There are still no real answers as to how this island was populated or why they stopped creating the statues within a few hundred years.

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is an example of Baroque…style mausoleum in the city of Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his late wife Mumtaz Mahal as a tomb. The construction began in 1632 and was completed in 1648.

Terrible as the loss was, Shah Jahan celebrating the loss by building an extravagant monument to his beloved in one of the most exquisite examples of Mughal architecture, in the heart of India. It is a universally recognized symbol of love, romance and devotion .

It is made of white marble, red sandstone and white marble and has 275 semi-circular arches, topped by a 27-meter (90 ft) high central dome. It is an exquisite structure, an architectural wonder.

In addition, there are detailed motifs in marble, overalls, and traces of painting. The mausoleum was built according to the Fatimid architectural drawings. Also, the mausoleum was built over a royal garden which was destroyed in the process.

Colosseum

Rome, Italy.

Colosseum is one of the earliest and best preserved Roman amphitheaters of which some parts date back to the 1st century BC. The term arena, from Latin “area,” is the central feature of this building and it comprises a large elliptical bowl made of concrete.

Built mainly of stamp-faced concrete, the Colosseum was constructed to be the largest amphitheater in the world. It was capable of seating 50,000 people and could be covered by sea water when necessary.

The building was named after a colossal statue of the emperor Nero. The Colosseum was used for gladiatorial games and other public events to entertain masses of people. It was damaged by fire in 649 AD and was restored, but in 16th century, it was used for various purposes including housing Christian prisoners and a weapon dump during the Venetian siege. Many of the arenas ruins were destroyed and its exterior walled up.

In the 1700’s, it was used as a quarry until the ruins were removed and replaced with the Victor Emmanuel Monument (1854’s) and then the monumental Arch of Constantine (1889(…)” the surviving portions of this monument is now used as a museum building to display parts of the original structure.

Angkor

  • It is the biggest religious monument in the world and the biggest religious building in the world.
  • It’s originally a temple in Cambodia, but since it’s a ruin, it’s not very original anymore.
  • It’s massive, it’s the biggest religious building in the world, and it’s the only place in the world where you can see the astronomical alignment of the main structure, which is supposed to relate to the cycles of the universe.
  • This is supposedly an astrological building, but it’s a little bit controversial.
  • It was a very elaborate system that was designed.
  • This was just part of a much larger system in which there were a lot more temples around the area that are almost completely lost.
  • It’s made of stone that’s spread over a very large area and it’s very confusing to get around and see everything that’s there.

Teotihuacan

Petra

Jordan.

The lost city of Petra under the red rocks has been a dream for thousands of people from all across the world. A place full of fantasy, mysteries and the secrets of it’s history awaits anyone who decides to visit Petra. Secreted under the cliffs, the life of Petra goes on in the most unusual circumstances. The long and porous narrows are strong enough for man to pass, but they are so narrow that the sunlight has to break through the cliffs and make the way through the clefts and corners.

The narrows are a few feet wide rock crags. It’s famous extraordinary rock formation takes the form. We are all familiar with the soft, smooth and polished rocks various stone layers and the grey shape Petras. This soft sandstone rock layer, with almost natural shapes, is a living sculpture. The sandstone excavated was loaded onto the other side, where it mixed with a hard limestone layer, through which it eventually hardened.

It was during this time that the mines to a depth of about 40 meters were opened. This layer can be considered the country’s greatest resource. It is estimated to be more than one percent of all the world’s known ore deposits.

Machu Picchu

Mountain, Peru.

Carlos Ruiz Gómez, a Spanish/American explorer, found the ruins of Machu Picchu when he was in the area looking for gold. With its location high up in the Andes Mountains, it was very hard to get to but was eventually uncovered in 1911.

Machu Picchu seemed to have been built by a skilled community of people who managed to survive on the relatively thin mountain air and limited water supplies.

The Incas, who were skilled in surveying narrow paths through the mountains, were able to accurately map the ruins of the city and constructed the city around the Inca Trail. Many theories have been suggested on how the city was built, ranging from a simple agricultural settlement (without roads) to a palace built by the Inca.

The most popular and likely theory is that the city was built as a retreat for the emperor Pachacutec and his family after he defeated his brother.

Machu Picchu is one of only 30 UNESCO World Heritage sites in the entire world.

Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is one of the biggest landmarks on the entire planet. It’s made out of stone and brick for the most part, but there is some of it that is made out of actual wood. The Great Wall of China was built by and for the people of China, both as a protection mechanism and a show of strength between various kingdoms.

The wall has in some places been restored, but many sections of it are dilapidated or damaged. It is one of the more incredible man-made wonders of the world.

The wall protects from attack from people and animals, and it is a great visual display that shows China’s power.

Pyramids of Giza

The largest of the Three Pyramids at Giza.

The Pyramids of Giza is a colossal ancient structure in Egypt consisting of four to five massive pyramids supporting a causeway, known as the Khufu, which was the largest man-made structure ever built .

The pyramids consist of thousands of blocks of stone, taken from quarries on the Giza plateau and hauled to the site on the backs of the living, who died in their tens of thousands in the process.

The construction of the main pyramid took twenty to thirty years and involved more than a hundred thousand workers. It was built to serve as the tomb of the Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek), who ruled from 2509 to 2483 B.C.

The length of the Great Pyramid of Giza is twice that of the present Cheops Pyramid. It measures about 756 feet (230 meters) in its perimeter present form and 756 feet in its original form. The height of this pyramid is 455 feet and its surface area covers about 43 acres.

The blocks belong to a brand new variety. They are called the port-exchange stone and make up the walls of the casing stones. Many of these blocks belong to a new series of well-detailed facsimiles of black granite found only in the outlying deserts of Nubia to the south. The combined weight of the two blocks is about 125 tons.