12 Most Amazing Volcanoes on the Planet

Martina Rosado
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Mount Yasur

Tanna Island, Vanuatu.

In September 2010, a deadly eruption of Mount Yasur, erupted both lava and the poisonous gas sulfur dioxide. This eruption triggered a sequence of events which is still playing out this week. Nearly 300,000 cubic meters of volcanic ash were sent shooting into the air.

Close to one million cubic meters of magmatic fluid (water and dust with steam and minute fragments of lava fragments) were discharged in just a few days.

When the main crater collapsed, it caused a landslide that blocked the only safe escape route. The result was that the whole village of more than 1100 people was completely buried. The rescue efforts of the Tanna Island Police (TIP), the Red Cross and SOS Benches were a great success.

Survivors have told how at least twenty-two of them were buried in their own house, others were buried by the landslide such as the ones who could not escape in time suffered the most.

One survivor described the disaster as “a huge cloud of ash and mud covered an entire village.”

At the time, there were 132 reported fatalities and 1007 people were treated for injuries from the disaster, with 45 evacuations of the village.

Kamakani Volcano, Kīlauea Caldera, Hawai

Cotopaxi

Ecuador (15,925 feet).

The Cotopaxi Volcano in Ecuador has been erupting for about 7,000 years. Its eruption has led to the creation of one volcano, 56 craters, and even an avalanche in one eruption. In 1877, it was discovered that Cotopaxi is a sacred mountain for the Qocha. Today the indigenous people of the region still practice many of their customs without interference. Local government officials allow tourists and archaeologists to inspect the Qocha traditions.

Although Cotopaxi may not the first volcano that many people think of when researching the date of volcanic activity, it is still one of the most recent active volcanoes. Cotopaxi’s most recent eruption occurred in 1968. During this eruption, a glacier broke breaking off about 15 feet of ice. A subsequent avalanche slide swallowed three villages causing the deaths of hundreds of residents. A lake that had been formed at the glacier’s base during earlier eruptions also broke away.

The volcano’s most activity occurred between 15,000 and 10,000 years ago. The Cotopaxi Volcano is certainly one of the most active volcanoes in the world.

Mount Bromo

Bromo is an amazing place to behold. It is located in East Java, Indonesia and has been known for its spectacular location for thousands of years. The majestic volcano has been called the most sacred spot in Java island and has witnessed innumerable legendary stories, as well as being the admired subject of many works of art and literature.

The area has been cherished for hundreds of years for its breathtaking and spiritual scenery. The people of Java regarded the mountain as their spiritual home, and they brought their gods to rest at Mount Bromo, leaving the place strongly imbued with a mystic aura ever since.

If you do visit Mount Bromo, make sure to go to the town of Cemoro Lawang where you will find the following hotels where you can spend some time relaxing in and around the beautiful volcano. Make sure you book a room with an upstairs terrace to ensure a more enjoyable view of the shifting colours of the volcano.

Mount Yasur (Tonga)

Mount Yasur is a perfect example of an island volcano. It has been active for over 40 million years and its last eruption may have occurred as recently as 1600 years ago. The volcano has a large caldera at its summit which has an active crater lake; the lake’s dramatic eruptions can be seen with the naked eye, giving this volcano its more popular name of Lake of Fire.

Krakatoa

Krakatoa is a volcano in Indonesia’s Sunda Strait named after the village of Krakatau near the volcano.

On August 27, 1883, a devastating eruption send a tsunami across the Sunda Strait, killing thousands of people in nearby villages. The resulting caldera is a 2,900 by 5,300 km (1,800 by 3,100 mi) basin-shaped crater of mostly submerged calderas and volcanic islands.

The explosion was heard as far away as Perth, Australia, over 1,000 km (620 mi) away, and roughly 2,800 km (1,700 mi) further as at Raffles Head, a headland in Singapore, 1,300 km (800 mi) away.

Telegraph lines were affected up to 1,400 km (900 mi) from the volcano. The explosion was heard by ships as far away as Chile.

The precise number of deaths is unknown but is estimated to range from 36,000 to 92,000. Thousands of people on the islands, particularly on the town of Krakatoa (which was eventually swallowed by the volcano and destroyed by the explosion) and Simeulue (to the northwest across the Sunda Strait) were killed by the tsunami that followed the eruption, which is the deadliest volcanic event in recorded history.

Arenal Volcano

Located in Costa Rica, the Arenal Volcano is among the most active in the world. It’s one of the most visited volcanoes in the world as well, despite the warning signs all around the volcano. This volcano is one of the most active in the world, and has been active during several past eruptions. It’s considered to have a large and very dangerous magma chamber, which is constantly releasing lava in the form of a lava lake. This has caused a number of deaths and injuries as tourists try to stand near the lava lake.The volcano is also very crowded due to its sheer beauty as well as to increase its visitors just in case of an eruption.

Mount Etna

(Italy)

Mount Etna, one of the most active volcanoes in the world, lies in the Mediterranean about 90 miles east of Sicily. The volcano has erupted about 40 times since records began in the 16th century. Volcano eruptions have been documented at Etna since 1600 B.C. This mountain is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Mount Etna is a stratovolcano, meaning that it has layers of eruptions over time. It’s not just one mountain with its own name, it’s one mountain with more than one name. Mount Etna’s amazing geologic history is the subject of much exploration.

A series of active craters at the summit of the volcano have been excavated by glaciers many times in the last 1.5 million years. A series of lava flows has resulted in the most recent major eruption in A.D. 490. Other eruptions of note include those in A.D. 500, 600, 669, 751, 869, 896, 1114, and 1282.

The most recent eruption in October 2003 produced a strong plume of ash that reached an altitude of 20.1 miles (32 km) and fell about 2.5 miles (4 km) southeast. The volcano is regarded as a symbol of the Sicilian people.

Osorno Volcano

Chile.

The Osorno Volcano in Chile is a perfect place to go because it’s so close and it’s great for people who want to see a volcano … but don’t want to die. It’s a super easy volcano hike that’s fun for the whole family.

You also wouldn’t be the first person to hike around when your pant legs get covered in ash. Only one person hiking every 3 seconds got a little too close in 2011 when lava sprouted from the volcano. And as you hike around, you’ll also experience the most beautiful green forest complete with waterfalls.

Osorno Volcano is located in a National Park and is one of the most accessible and safest volcanoes in the world. It’s a popular tourist attraction for Chileans and they’re so confident in the safety of the volcano that they provide you with an escort and a guide.

You won’t be disappointed when you see the blue-flamedOsorno Volcano, which feels more like a geyser than a volcano. After all, the Osorno Volcano erupts frequently, so you’ll probably have the chance to see a new eruption on your trip.

Mount Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius is a stratovolcano located on the Gulf of Naples in Italy. It is famous for its destruction in 79 AD when it erupted on the prosperous Roman town of Pompeii.

Mount Vesuvius has a history of devastating eruptions, but most of them occurred in the past 300 years. Most of these disastrous eruptions were triggered by the warming of the region. In 1906 it blew its top tooth sector, but its caldera filled with water, and the eruption ended. It went on a long silence, and the people thought it was extinct.

Recently, however, it has made a huge eruptive activity that surprised the scientists. The most bizarre thing that happened recently is that it threw a massive ash plume to the height of 19.25km (6300 ft) and in the crash, it destroyed the Pompeii City. Mount Vesuvius is an active volcano, and the remaining activity is a threat.

The name Vesuvius is probably from the Oscan name of the settlement of Vesvius (modern name is Caserta): Vetqua/Vesvius. The Romans supposed the name of the beautiful goddess Vesuvia (Vesevs) because it's thought to be the inspired of the first half of the name (Ves) and of the second half (Vei), making Vetuves.

Kilauea

Is viewed by many as the most awe-inspiring and active volcano in the world today. Located on the big island of Hawaii, Kilauea is part of a chain of nine volcanoes that form the big island.

Its massive eruptions range from the small lava flow to large lava bursts. It has two large craters: one on the eastern side of the mountain, and the large, two mile long crater on the south side.

Kilauea’s earliest recorded eruption dates to 1790, and people living there were evacuated to places of safety in 1851 because of increasing volcanic activity.

The volcano erupted in 1955 and again in 1960, and many of the residents were again evacuated. In 2006, it was discovered that the volcano’s eruption caused the worldwide extinction of the Hawaiian monk seal.

Mount Fuji

Japan.

When it erupts, the volcano can errupt for up to two weeks and produces approximately 10,000-tonne bombs that explode into the sky. The eruption of Mount Fuji in the late 1940s was the worst since prehistoric times. There are more signs to be aware of today, though, and more people are venturing near the volcano because of the mountain’s favorable summer climate.

The mountain is currently active, but is dormant in terms of ash production. Scientists speculate that, over the past 2,000 years, the volcano’s eruptions could have been intense enough to cause Lake Biwa’s water level to drop (possibly lowering the valley’s sea level), indicating the volcano’s activities have frequently been dangerous. However, since the 1st century, the area has experienced a marked decline in volcanic activity.

If Mount Fuji is ever to erupt, only a few days are needed for the volcano to be ready. One example of its dormant/active state is the fact that it can start to blow at temperatures as low as -18 degrees Celsius and as high as 26 degrees Celsius.

Mayon Volcano

The Mayon Volcano is located in Albay Province in the Bicol Region and is the second most active volcano in the Philippines. It is one of the most visited Volcanoes in the Philippines with a short trail to the top.

Mayon Volcano is also known for its 100-year-old lava dome, known as the <3he Cone of Fire.<3

Pretty amazing, isn't it?

Mayon Volcano is among the most accessible active volcanoes in the world. Prepare yourself with a number of attire for the river accessible during the rainy season.

Recent eruptions have caused torrential downpours and lightning during the day. So make sure you have waterproof gear and a tight fitting hard hat.

The very first step into the base of the volcano is to measure about 535-feet on the broad side.

Next, you should experience an amazing breeze and breathtaking view even if you do not get to the top.

It’s a long descent before reaching the crater of the volcano and you should take a safety line, it helps for the next portion.

Next, you should get back to the beginning and enjoy the view from your seat out of its crater.

The last concern before you reach the top is the bridge made of ropes and chains.

Mount Kilimanjaro

Tanzania.

The mountain of Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest mountain peak at 5,895m. It’s also one of the most popular treks to the summit. Trekking to the top isn’t for the faint of heart. In fact, some say that it’s the highest suicide hike on the entire planet.

At the base of the mountain there is a hydroelectric dam. The mountain also has the largest methane lake in the world, Kibo crater. All that activity is what gives Mount Kilimanjaro the rising power of a volcano.

The last eruption happened in 1909. Mount Kilimanjaro is still capable of volcanic activity, thus making it one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world.

The risk of a volcanic eruption with Kilimanjaro being so close to the densely populated city of Moshi is a concern for both the local community and the tourist industry. The biggest factor to keep in mind when deciding whether or not to visit Kilimanjaro is how much you value your life.

The best time to see the famed scenery on the top of Kilimanjaro is June through August. During this time, the rainy seasons has already ended and the trees have turned green. So, there is no chance of getting lost in the dense jungle of trees at that time of the year.