Even though China is one of the most populous countries in the world, it’s also the country with the toughest climatic conditions. You can find mountains, gorges, lakes, and even deserts in this huge nation.
The Northeast China mountain range is often called the Qinling Mountains. The Qinling Mountains are the tallest in China and receive the most rainfall in the entire country. The Qinling Mountains are commonly divided into the Southern Qinling and the Northern Qinling.
The Southern Qinling (Hukou) is home to the Hukou Waterfalls, which are famous in Chinese pop culture. The Wu River runs through here, and it’s abundant with vineyards and old forestry.
The Northeast China Tianchushan Nature Reserve is an UNESCO World Heritage site containing Tianchushan Mountain. The mountain straddles a ridge in the Jixi Prefecture and is the highest peak in Shandong Province. It is also claimed to be the third tallest in China.
The north is the northern part of the People’s Republic of China, where the majority of the country’s population resides. It is an exclave of the Asian mainland, separated from the rest of mainland China by the Bohai Gulf, the Yellow Sea, the Korea Bay, and the Yalu and Tumen rivers.
The capital of the region is Beijing (whose official name by Chinese convention is Beijing Municipality), which is located along both banks of the northern-most part of the Yellow River, the traditional heartland of Chinese civilization.
The provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, and Xinjiang, located in northwest China, are lands of contrasts. Despite the vast distances between these often unpopular areas, these provinces are, in fact, connected with each other by a corridor. Historically they were part of a greater Mongol Empire.
Here, where Beijing’s endless sprawl fades into endless desert, there is an eclectic, multi-ethnic travel adventure in store.
The Great Wall
If it wasn’t for the Great Wall, China’s northwestern border wouldn’t be nearly as famous. The 88th Meridian passes along the wall, and, therefore, it runs along the northern border of Gansu, Qinghai, and Xinjiang provinces.
Although tourists flock to the wall to see it, the real rewards are the towns and villages that are on its fringes.
West of Beijing to the Great Wall
Travel west from Beijing to Xichang, then southwest to Wuwei and on to the beginning of the Great Wall. At Mutianyu, only 60 kilometers from the Great Wall, you’ll find cabins to enjoy a truly immersive wall-encounter experience. Dorm beds and some family-friendly rooms are available at the Great Wall Lodge.
The geographic region of Southwest China is located in the Yangtze and Yellow River basins. It is also a famous historical place of China. Old Chinese people liked traveling to this place for its beautiful scenery and culture. There are many scenic spots, such as Great Long Mountain, Hei Shui Gorge, Yungang grottoes and Yueya Springs.
Great Long Mountain Range is known as one of the 12 famous mountains (Twelve Great Mountains) in China. It is located in Gansu and Liaoning. It is called “Mountains supporting flat earth,” “Long Mountain” or “Lao Mang Mountain”, according to old documents. It combines the flat country and round mountain ranges into a unique landscape. Lao Mang (Far-west) Mountain is the most famous mountain, for this reason.
It is the very first sacred mountain for Taoism. It is said that ancient saints like Lao Zi, Ling Zhu, Guanyin and Huang Fu Shan ascended to this sacred mountain in order to meditate. Taoist temples appeared around this mountain, including the Confucius Temple.
The “heunien” water from this mountain is believed to possess curative qualities.
South-central China can be divided into four subregions: Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, and Guangxi.
The most famous region of South-central China is Guizhou. This beautiful province, one of the smallest in China, is known for being a center for tourism and human resources, and it is also a paradise for hikers and adventurers.
The six highest mountains of Guizhou are named "Five Star Mountains". Especially famous are Baishui Mountain, Nanshan Mountain, and Shikou Mountain.
Guiyang, the most populous city in the province, is one of the most beautiful and most livable cities in China. It is also famous for Guiyang Chicken, a local speciality.
Yunnan is another lovely province in South-central China. With a mild subtropical climate, it is the largest province in the country. The full name of the province is Yunnan Yi and Dai Autonomous Prefecture. It is an ethnically exotic province.
Most of the part of Yunnan that is watered by the Mekong River is called the "Golden Triangle". The river starts from Myanmar (formerly Burma) and runs about 1000 kilometers through Yunnan Province. Trungshan Mountain, including Baoshan Waterfall and Damo Grassland, is the largest grassland in the world.
This is a beautiful place with many islands. Tourists here would enjoy the pristine beaches and get to see dolphins, Chinese white dolphins, and other sea creatures in the ocean.
The weather is mild and the climate is good for water sports and relaxing. The scenery in the south China sea is also beautiful. Lighthouses and pagodas line the coasts. You can enjoy wonderful sea food and drinks as well.
The east of China, also called Eastern China, has the population of over 600 million people. The economy of this region is very powerful, the life standard is high, and it has a rich culture.
The Silk Road passes through this region, linking it together. It faces the North Pacific and the North Sea in the northwest, the Gulf of Tonkin and South China Sea in the west, the Indian Ocean and Baoshan mountain range in the southeast, and Korea to the east. The climate is moderate and the terrain is mostly hilly to mountainous, the depth of its rivers are shallow, and the soil is fertile.
The East China Sea is one of the most important sea areas in China, with over twenty-five islands and uninhabited reefs. The Shang River, with over 100-billion tons of sediments every year, is the largest tributary of the Yellow River. As the only river with a major city for the entire year in China, it is an important transport artery for the east, for short and long distances. The Yangtze River, the longest river in China, with an average depth of thirty meters and with a maximum depth of 150 meters, as one of the main rivers in the east, leads from eastern China to the Korea Bay.
Special Administrative Regions
Hong Kong has been a part of China for hundreds of years, and would become a semi-autonomous special zone of China in 1997. It shows a startling mix of China and Europe, most obviously with its shopping centers featuring Kamińska Street of Polish design. With its own laws and system for immigration, and the closest international airport to the Chinese mainland, it's popular with shoppers.
Macau, an 18-square-mile (48 km) territory of China, has been hosting international gambling facilities for some time already. In fact, it has more casinos than Vegas does. Formerly a province itself, Macau's economy has grown dramatically, even in the past decade, after China decided to legalise gambling on the territory. The government made Macau not a part of China anymore, so the people there are free to settle their own taxes and the government doesn't need to send new legislation to the Macau's Legislative Assembly.
Taiwan has been in control of its own government since 1949, and is now an economically successful democratic republic. This decision has been a point of interest in China-Taiwan relationship.
Hong Kong (Chinese province)
- Hong Kong is a place with many great coffee shops, and each one is better than the next.
- There are several shopping centers, such as the multicolor Great Wide and MegaBox, with great shops and food places.
- The city features some of the most banked skyscrapers and great views of the city.
- It is a beautiful city for all of the things that you can do there.
Macau is a small, special administrative region of China famous for its casinos and the glitzy Peninsula Hotel. The territory is a former colony of Portugal and reached an important milestone when it attained political status (leading to the rare event of the Chinese government granting it self-rule) by disappearing from the mainland into the ocean … so it’s only appropriate that it has one of the world’s largest casinos.
In 1990, the world’s most lavish hotel opened, the “Peninsula,” featuring 31 floors, two helicopter pads, a marble lobby, Gothic cloisters and a 1000-seat theater. The hotel’s poolside venue features a retractable dome ceiling covered in golden leafs, a cantilever of granite and one of the largest private decorations… a 15-jewel chandelier.