10 Most Impressive Ancient Aqueducts

Martina Rosado
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The Tambomachay Aqueduct, or the Great Aqueduct, is an ancient aqueduct in the Nazca Province of Peru. In fact, the aqueduct was almost ready to complete back when the Incas were busy building Machu Picchu.

The aqueduct was designed by the Nazca people, and it is assumed to have been constructed somewhere around the 6th century AD. It is believed to be around 200 kilometres long and was used to deliver water to the Inca capital of Cuzco, which is 18 kilometres away from where it is now located.

The Tambomachay Aqueduct was one of the longest and largest aqueducts ever constructed, and in its time, it was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

Aqueduct Park

Aqueduct Park is an unusual place to visit. It’s located in the Rocky Mountain foothills. The first thing you’ll notice when you arrive is the eerie quiet that seeps through the park.

It’s easy to forget that you’re in a place where there is supposed to be flowing water.

Aqueduct Park was built in 1797 to supply drinking water to the City of Pueblo, Colorado. One of the biggest attractions of Aqueduct Park is the Colorado-Big Thompson historical park, which is a living history museum that teaches visitors about the time when early settlers entered the area.

The city’s water system consisted of an underground clay pipe and an iron aqueduct that runs through the park. It brings water to a masonry pipe head with a wheel-pump house.

These pump houses are why the third level is open, and it’s the only level where drinking water is present. The water is usually hot, so you should wait until it has cooled to a reasonable temperature before you sip on it.

The water in Aqueduct Park is a beautiful aquamarine, and it makes a great resting place for people who are in the area.

Caesarea Aqueduct

The Aqua Marcia was an aqueduct in Rome constructed during the reign of the emperor Augustus. It was built between 28 and 19 BC to replace an earlier water conduit. It was the largest of five aqueducts built in Rome before the beginning of the Middle Ages. The length of the channel is remarkable; its width at the bottom is 4 m, and 6.5 m at the top. The channel is split into six arches. 5 m long. This aqueduct supplied more than half of the capital’s water supply.

Nazca Aqueducts


The Nazca Aqueduct system is located in the Nazca Desert, Peru. This system was built over 1,900 years ago and provided the Nazca people, who were skilled in water management for irrigation and agriculture, with an excess of water. The system includes trenches, arches, and underground canals and presently exists in its original form. For that reason, it is one of the most thriving aqueduct systems in the world.

Estimates of the system’s historic extent vary widely, with some sources claiming that it extended 200 kilometers (125 miles). These estimates are based on the larger part of the system, which was built between the 1st century BC and sometime between the 7th and 9th centuries. During that time period, the Nazca area also suffered from drought. Arches and tunnels were built to provide a more efficient water drainage system to remove surface water from the region. Over the years, the Nazca Aqueduct system grew to include 30 aqueducts and 10 reservoirs. The system is significant for its scale and for the style of construction.

Hampi Aqueducts

Aqueduct of The Miracles

Les Ferreres Aqueduct

Les Ferreres Aqueduct is 28 miles in length and carries about 32 million gallons of water per day. And thanks to modern pumps, can continue to provide water to the city of Rome more than 2,000 years after its construction.… The Aqueduct was built to supply drinking water to the city's inhabitants at a time when water was essential for human survival. Aqueducts are quite rare as they were only used in times of great need. They also went out of use once they were completed. In the case of Aqueduct of Les Ferreres, it was abandoned after completing the first phase of construction. There is no reason for this. The Roman Emperor made a horrible decision, as he ordered that the forces of the Roman Army camped there. The Aqueducts in Rome continued to supply the city’s residents with water, as as long as the following Roman Empire, the Aqueduct was used several times for the same purpose, namely to supply the city of Rome with water.

I am going to show you the most impressive ancient aqueduct systems available. You've seen ancient construction, of course, from Roman arches to Egypt's Pyramid of Khufu, but not much remains of these elaborate systems. These aqueducts are more impressive than the ones in Egypt, as they transported water over long distances but all were essentially abandoned.

Valens Aqueduct

The Aqueduct of Valens was an aqueduct in the Roman Empire built between A.D. 390 and 420. It was constructed by order of Emperor Valens who was the cousin and successor of Theodosius I. It was part of the overall network of imperial aqueducts and supplied drinking water to the city of Vienne in Gallia Narbonensis.

This aqueduct has its source on the Sure, a tributary of the Rhone River. It is one of several aqueducts on the Sure designed to supply fresh water to the city of Vienne, a Mediterranean port. The extant section runs for 53 kilometers and supplied 38 million cubic meters of water per year. Its main channel is still the best preserved Roman aqueduct in existence and continues to supply water.

Arreus Aqueduct

The Arreus Aqueduct is an aqueduct in Athens, Greece, built in the reign of Roman Emperor Hadrian as part of a major public works programme in Athens. It probably served as the model for the building of another Hadrianic aqueduct near Saepinum.

Aqueduct of Segovia

Pont du Gard

This impressive aqueduct is situated in the H…ra valley in southern France. In addition to the aqueduct, King Numa added a sacred grove to honor the god Egerius. The grove is where he took fertility rituals and held them every ninth year in March.

The Pont du Gard is the world’s oldest major stone aqueduct system, dating back to the 2nd century BC, which is very impressive when you consider that much of the Roman Empire was in ruins at the time. The Pont du Gard was originally constructed by the Etruscans and enlarged by the Romans.

The Gallo-Roman aqueduct was specifically designed to draw water from the River Gardon and deliver it to the city of N–mes. The aqueduct consists of seven segments. They include the H…ra valley aqueduct, a one-mile pre-poured concrete canal, a stone bowl, a double-grade cistern, a small conduit, a structure, and a well.

What makes this so impressive are the decades of food fertility rituals handed down for centuries. Do you know how long it takes to build an aqueduct like this? The average time for construction was 2,270 years. Ouch!