25 Top Tourist Attractions in Berlin

Martina Rosado
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Oberbaum Bridge

(Oberbaumbrücke in German)

The "Oberbaum" bridge was erected in 1924 and named after a local Jewish butcher, Leonhard Orenstein, who had been stabbed by police in the street during a Communist demonstration. The bridge was intended as a parallel structure to the "Bertolt-Brecht-Ufer" (now called Landwehr canal) and was also used as a fast reference route to overcome the wooden bridge with a suspension bridge, which was sold to the Soviet Union in 1945. After the war, the bridge was occupied by the GDR until 1989.

Berlin Central Railway Station

In 1842 the stock exchange was moved from Spandau to Berlin. In 1848 the city became the capital of Prussia, and the "Central" station was built.

In 1871 the name was changed "German Reichs-Hauptbahnhof Berlin (German Empire's principal train station)". At that time the Berlin station had about 130.000 square metres and could cater for more than 100.000 passengers.

The Berlin station (literally translates as Berlin Central Station) was used in the 19th century as a model by many railway stations around the world.

German Historical Museum

Since 1814, the German Historical Museum in Berlin has gathered and presented a unique collection of historical artifacts. The museum focuses on presenting the cultural history of Germany. On display here are many historical items from old European civilizations, as well as items from Berlin and its provenance. The highlight of the museum is the gallery of art from Berlin. This gallery is known for its ability to weave together themes related to both German cultural history and 19th-century revolutionary politics. One of the objects on display there is a mask used in an assassination attempt on Berlin’s archbishop in 1785.

Among the other items on display are a coin from the Carolingian period, a large collection of ancient Greek pottery, as well as another coin from the Mayan civilization and some of their architectural relics. The museum also hosts a permanent exhibit that explores the topic of scientific developments in the 19th century through the work of Gottlieb Daimler, an 18th-century inventor of several implements, including a sewing machine.

Kurfurstendamm

A European Street

  • Romantic
  • Cute
  • High Quality
  • Culture
  • Historical
  • Designer
  • Expensive
  • Trendy

Berlin TV Tower

The Berlin TV Tower also known as the Fernsehturm is the tallest structure in Germany and second tallest in Europe after the London Eye. It’s a communications and observation tower 200 m high. You can reach the observation deck in 35 minutes from the car park at the base. The light-emitting diode (LED) -reinforced glass superstructure at the top of the tower looks like a “ribbon light” at night.

The German television channel ZDF has its European television studios on the observation deck.

DDR Museum

Treptower Park

For over a century, this park has played a vital role in the history of Berlin. Formerly one of the city’s largest green spaces, the park was once home to many refugees. These included the Jews that were fleeing the Russian Empire at the end of the 19th century.

Next to the shelter of the park is the Russian Memorial Wall, which honors to the million Jewish people that died in the Holocaust. The wall lists the names that died during the Holocaust. It is the largest memorial in the world made of stone.

Berlin Wall Memorial

Unter den Linden

In the heart of central Berlin, Unter den Linden is a major thoroughfare. It is home to a number of important city landmarks, such as Friedrichstrasse Station, the Reichstag, and the German Historical Museum.

Because of its prime location, it has been a hotspot for tourists since it was built in 1688. It is the site of Berlin’s Catholic cathedral (1824), the Church of the Propaganda (1891), and a statue (by Richard Ottmann and Michael Friedrich, 1989) of two male figures representing the stages of humanity right before and after the fall of Hitler.

A few of the city’s most important museums are located here, including the Pergamon and the Museum of Egyptian Art. The area is also home to the Neue Wache Memorial, a national war memorial that was completed in 1953.

Berlin Cathedral

Alexanderplatz

Charlottenburg Palace

Victory Column

(Victoria-Zitadelle)

This Victory Column (Victoria-Zitadelle) is a triumphal column erected in 1839 to commemorate the victories of the Prussian kingdom. After 1813 many Prussian soldiers were stationed in Berlin, and a column to honor their bravery seemed a no-brainer to Prussian leaders. They erected the column in 1839 in the gardens of Sanssouci on the Unter den Linden, celebrating the victories in Posen and Jena. After a French allied stormed Berlin in 1870, they tore the thing down.

The column's top is a 33 meter wide gilded aluminum cone covered with a copper helmet with a Prussian eagle. On the top is the Prussian eagle on a swiveling plinth emblazoned with the Prussian coat of arms. At night, the entire column is illuminated with blue lights.

The column was based on the Statue of the Goddess of Victory in the Royal Palace of Warsaw, Poland (the actual column is made of bronze, not copper).

The first day of the Germanic March Festival is also Victoria Day, and Prussian soldiers used to dance and sing on top of the column.

The column was renovated after WWII and was a well-known night view by millions of Berliners, until it was destroyed by Soviet troops and crushed into ruins in the war.

Gendarmenmarkt

The Gendarmenmarkt is one of the most iconic places in Berlin. It is a great place to visit for a locals and tourist alike. The Fernsehturm, or TV Tower, is probably one of the best-known landmarks of Berlin. It is the tallest structure in Germany and offers an unbeatable view of the city.

Topography of Terror

After the fall of Berlin wall, the remnants of the Berlin wall were sold to scrap dealers. However, as there was a large amount of interest for that, people thought of certain ways in which the wall could be used. One of these plans involved memorials for those who had died trying to escape the communist authoritarian regime that stood over the now capitalist nation. The most famous of these memorials is known as the Topography of Terror.

It is located at Bernauer Strasse 7 in Berlin. The memorial was created to investigate the events that had occurred during the communist regime. It thus follows the shape of the Berlin Wall, but travels 26 feet underground for a total of 12 miles.

You can walk through this memorial by paying an entrance fee of 5 euros. However, you must be a tour through the city to gain access to this attraction.

Pergamon Museum

This three-story structure is the most celebrated work of the Roman architect, order, and art-historian, and archaeologist, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (15 B.C.…23 A.D.).

He constructed the complex as a panorama of the arts of the classical antiquity.

It’s located in the center of the historic and bustling district of the Müggelsee in Berlin.

It’s situated on the site of the ancient Pergamon Altar (National Shrine) dedicated to the goddess Athena.

Most of the art displayed in the museum has also been fashioned with a classical theme.

The museum on the upper floors housing the art and artifacts is divided into the following galleries:

  • The Apollinaris Gallery
  • The Athena Gallery
  • The Ishtar Gallery
  • The Kronus Gallery
  • The Late Classical Gallery
  • The Oriental Gallery

Hackesche Hoefe

Though the square is small, it has a commanding view of the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag building.

Tiergarten

Open Daily: April – October – 9:00am – 5:00pm November – March – 9:00am – 4:00pm

Flower Tower [Petersburger Park]

Open Daily: April – October – 11:00am – 9:00pm November – March – 11:00am – 6:00pm

Lange Zeit (Long Time)

Open Daily: April – October – 10:00am – 5:00pm November – March – 10:00am – 4:30pm

Victory Column [Victory Column]

Open Daily: April – October – 9:00am – 6:00pm November – March – 9:00am – 4:00pm

Berlin Wall Memorial [Berlin Wall Memorial]

Open Daily: May – October – 10:00am – 6:00pm November – March – 10:00am – 4:00pm

Window on Berlin [Window on Berlin]

Open Daily: June – September – 9:00am – 8:00pm October – March – 9:00am – 7:00pm

Berlin Reichstag [Reichstag]

Open Daily: Everyday – 9:00am – midnight

Checkpoint Charlie [Checkpoint Charlie]

Open Daily: Everyday – 9:00am – 6:00pm

Check Point Charlie

This is where the American, British, French, and Soviet forces divided Berlin in 1945, taking 4 years to reconcile their differences, reaching the status of allies. During the Cold War, it was the meeting point for reporters coming to cover the military standoffs between East and West Berlin. It is located on Friedrichstrasse.

Potsdamer Platz

Memorial Church

The church grounds can be found on today’s Unter den Linden, right in the middle of Berlin. This is where the new world’s first memorial was erected to teach people to live together after World War II.

It was built as a symbol of the reconciliation between the church and the state.

It was also used as a plan to make the peace and stable. It actually attracts many tourists.

Today it is a popular place for people interested in culture and history.

Museum Island

(Berlin, Germany)

The East Side Gallery, a section of the former Berlin Wall, is one of Berlin’s most popular tourist attractions. It’s a large and impressive set of displays consisting of thousands of paintings, mosaics, and murals. The gallery is divided into five sections. The East Side section, the longest at more than a kilometer, is divided into the Smuggling Corridor, the New Theater, the Border Books, and the Incursion Gallery, which spans only a few hundred meters. The gallery is a monument to the reunion of Germany and the expression of 60 artists from 34 countries. The theme of the New Theater is Worldfest, an annual conference on film, film style, and media in the former GDR. The Border Books describe the world, life, and family stories found in the exhibits.

The World Architecture Festival held in Berlin in 2010 alone brought attention to more than 250 important buildings around the world. The largest festival of its kind, WAF 2015 will take place September 4-18. At this festival, you can find many historical buildings, plus new architecture. We are particularly interested in the Warsaw Factory, a building designed by Architektura Haus and adjacent outdoor spaces by Grzegorz Panka. Other important buildings include:

Holocaust Memorial

Reichstag

As early as the 19 th century, plans for a new parliament building were devised, as a consequence of the many reforms made by Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. The Catholics, founded a free port at Stettin (now Szczecin, Poland) in 1870. Cardinal von Faulhaber, the head of the German Catholic Church, became excited about the issue, but the project was not approved by Pope Pius IX.

Museum Island is a former colonial enclave of the Royal Hanseatic city of Hamburg, covering 54 hectares on the north west side of the Inner Alster lake. It is now a UNESCO world heritage site. Originally an island of the city, it was joined to the mainland as a penal colony at the end of the 18 th century after it had been conquered by its sheriff in a revolt.

The reason for this is that, had the Protestants obtained this territory, their standing would have been too strong, and it would have put to an end all chances of making concessions to the Catholics.

Brandenburg Gate

This is one of the most recognized sights in Berlin, and rightfully so. The monument, which was erected in 1791 consists of an arch crafted from red granite and stands at the junction of Brandenburger Square and Unter den Linden.

It’s the third oldest of its kind in the world, but the monument that you are probably most familiar with is the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. One thing that makes this arch unique is that the Canadian soldier who did the sculpting on the facade is identified on the front.

The park surrounding the oldest part of Berlin (Potsdam).

The south entrance overlooks the Reichstag building, in between the Brandenburg Gate and the Pariser Platz. The north entrance connects to a road that leads to Charlottenburg Palace and the museum island.

This arch is significant because it was the only structure that the victorious German soldiers destroyed when they took over the city. In response to the city’s vast Jewish population, the gates were built to symbolize the new rule of the German people.

Sometimes referred to as the Spandau Gate because it faces the district containing the Spandau prison and Vogels’ Church.