10 Top Tourist Attractions in Egypt

Martina Rosado
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Mosque of Ibn Tulun

Location: Magharat al-Kubra Street

If you want to find the mosque of Ibn Tulun on the island of Zamalek, you need to know that the building is located in the neighborhood Maghareh al-Kubra, which is west of the Citadel. The Libyan doctor Ibn Tulun was the father of Zengid dynasty, giving the name to one of the other Mosques in the city.

According to some historians, the Egyptian branch of Ibn Tulun is the most beautiful mosque in the Nile Valley.

It is suspected that this mosque is built on the basis of a Coptic Christian church of the early church. Some scholars say that the mosque is built in 1186 during the reign of Saladin.

Architecturally, the mosque is one of the most prominent mosques in the city of Cairo. It is also known as a couple of elegant minarets ​​surrounded by columns with a great dome on it and several inscriptions belonging to the early centuries of Islam.

The mosque is located in a courtyard closed with high walls of the Old Cairo and its entrance is protected by three pointed arches made ​​under the reign of Saladin. The temple is located between three minarets standing two meters each.

Dahab

El Gouna.

This beach that lies just below Agalimoon in Ras E`jan, in the province of South Sinai, is located at the south end of the Gulf of Suez. It is the largest in the Sinai Peninsula, with a length of 15 kilometers and a width of 4 kilometers. Its temperature is very pleasant, on the average, between 24 degrees and 27 degrees centigrade.

It is the site of both adventure tourism and, of course, the usual seaside resorts. Dahab combines two distinctive places of interest: the crater of a dormant volcano and a desert beach.

The volcano here has been active since the Jurassic period, along with an ancient lake that once existed. It is said that many millions of years ago, the sediment made this region the deepest lake in the world. Attractions of the lake and its surrounding areas were once used as a hideout by the ancient Egyptians, as well as few Christian, Nabataean, and Islamic sailors.

The climate offered, as of today, is entirely Mediterranean.

The local flora is impressive, with pines (including the Aleppo Pine), orchards of fig, palm oasis, dates and olive trees, and an abundance of wild flowers, including scented roses.

Siwa Oasis

This town is located between the famous cities of Cairo and Luxor. Siwa Oasis is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It is the location of the ancient city of the god Amun that was dedicated to the worship of the creator god Amun, which later spread to other ancient cities and cults.

Siwa Island is the largest inhabited island in Egypt and one of the most affluent and developed oasis of Egypt, located on the Libyan-Egyptian border. The Siwa Oasis lies adjacent to the Libyan border on the southwest part of the island. The islands of Corfu and Zante are located in the Mediterranean Sea along the same longitude, approximately 200 kilometers from the island of Siwa.

The island is called the island of sleep, due to its fame as a pilgrimage place, especially for its monastery of St. Catherine and the Shaolin Monastery, where Chinese monks used to flee from persecution. Siwa was also mentioned by Greek historian Herodotus in 450 BC in his book Histories, has been called the Egypt of the Hellenic World.

The island has several mosques, the coastal road has countless lemon trees in gardens and shops, and Siwa has been a destination for Israelis and tourists from the eastern countries for years. The climate and location of the island is very popular among expatriates who are looking for a beautiful island experience.

Egyptian Museum

Cairo.

Located in Giza, the Egyptian Museum is home to some of the earliest items in human history. Since it is the best collection of ancient artifacts in the world, many wonder how it is maintained in this modern era.

The Egyptian Museum is open to the public and has an ongoing renovation program, which includes a new archaeological research department in order to preserve ancient artifacts and educate visitors.

The Temple of Dendur, New York

Located in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, this temple was created in 1983 from a pharaoh’s pylon on the Temple of Karnak. The temple was built with stucco and wood, which is hard to preserve. Luckily, this temple was built of limestone and marble.

This limestone and marble are so hard that it took a marble harvester to bring it down from the quarry.

The Acropolis, Athens

The Acropolis is located in the center of Athens and is the best-known landmark there. The Parthenon, which sits here, was used as a temple to Athena Parthenos, the goddess of wisdom and war. This is why Minerva and Apollo were worshipped there.

Abu Simbel

Once upon a time Pharaoh Khufu had some small temples built around the walls of his pyramid at Giza. On his death, his heir decided to ALSO have a temple built on the far side of his pyramid at Giza. This eventually led to a temple complex being built out of great blocks of stone and modeled after two other temples that had been built by the Pharaohs Djedefre and Khafre on the Red Sea at Abu Simbel, this was completed around 250 B.C.

Then Disaster Struck and It Took an Incredible Effort to Rescue the Temples from Being Submerged in Lake Nasser when the Aswan Dam Was Completed in the 1960s …

Luckily the temples were kept dry and the sand was removed. After that, the temples were restored back as best they can be and become one of the most popular tourist attractions in Egypt.

Valley of the Kings

Valley of the Kings was the place where most of the members of the royal family of Egypt were buried. It is located some 150 km south of Cairo and comprises a total of 12 tombs which date from the 12th, 18th and 20th dynasties, all built by the kings’ themselves.

It is one of the richest archeological sites in the world, containing tremendous wealth not just from the use of precious stones, but also from the detailed way each tomb was decorated.

Historians believe it was the place in which the lost and forbidden, Book of the Dead, now known as the Papyrus of Ani, was found.

In the 6th century BCE, the tomb of Thutmosis III was entered by a group of robbers who stole many treasures, including the Book of the Dead written in Hieratic.

The book was found in Entrance C, the most looted tomb due to its proximity to the tombs of Ramesses III and Seti I.

These tombs, however, were not as looted as others because they were discovered later. However, the Book of the Dead belonging to a Princess was found in the tomb of Ramesses II and may have been lost by robbers in AD917 BCE.

River Nile Cruise

The Ismailia Governorate leads in tourist attraction as well as in the migratory flow of water. It is near Al-Ismailiyah Lake, and Lake Manzala is peaceful. The ancient temples are well restored, so visitors are able to see how people lived in the primordial era.

Ismailia is also known as “The City that One Longs For.” There is the Temple of Abu Simbel, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

There are many kinds of temples built in the Ismailia Governorate such as the Abu Simbel, Al-Muizz, and Al-Galaa temples. The Abu Simbel temple is the most known and most visited temple in Egypt.

The Temple of Abu Simbel was built in the XII century B.C. and was known as “Mountain of the Moon.” It was built for Ramses II, but the temple was damaged during the reign of the Roman Empire.

In the XIX century, an architect named Selim Abd el-Kareem reconstructed the temple. Even though this was an inconceivable work, the temple was finally restituted in the 1930s.

Red Sea Reef

Karnak

The temple was built by Akhenaten and dedicated to the god Aten. It was closed for several years because of the floods that resulted from the Aswan Dam.

The current temple today, however, is not the original. It is the foundation of the original, which is buried in sand, estimated to have been built for an earlier king.

As an important structure, its ruins are still visible and may prove quite a challenge to unlock the mysteries of its past.

Referred to as the most ancient and complex temple in Egypt, it was the first to be built out of stone. Perhaps more significant here is that it is the only remaining one of the 6 sister temples that once lined the southern approach to Karnak Temple’s outer court. The other 5, along with the Temple of Luxor, have been destroyed.

The Temple consists of 4 pylon halls and 1 main hall, all of which are connected to the original room.

Every part of this place, from its floors to its columns and walls is intricately detailed. The reliefs are known to be the largest in Ancient Egypt, and many scenes include hundreds of figures depicted in the background. At the back of the temple, a flight of 39 steps lead up to the rear entrance to the reconstructed original hall.

To see the remains of the original temple close up, pay a visit to the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut.

Giza Necropolis

(The Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Sphinx)

The Giza Necropolis or Giza Plateau is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. This site is considered by many to be the location of the ancient Egyptian necropolis of Memphis and home of the Pyramid of Khafre (also known as The Pyramid of Chephren, or the Pyramid of Khafra) and the Great Sphinx.

The plateau was the site of two ancient cities, Giza and Dahshur. The southern city was the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis, and the northern city was the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis, and the northern city was el-Qopolis.

The Giza Plateau is also home to two large pyramids, the Pyramid of Khafre (also known as the Pyramid of Chephren, or the Pyramid of Khafra), and the Great Sphinx. The Great Sphinx is generally considered to be a Monument to Khafre, though some Egyptologists believe it may be older.