7 Wonders of the Ancient World

Martina Rosado
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Mausoleum of Halicarnassus

On Sinus Koskisenmaa, an island in the middle of the Aegean Sea.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia

This was a statue that was made in the 6 th century BC. The original statue was made of gold and ivory. The Greek and Roman gods were often depicted in very real and tangible forms which is why this carving was so detailed.

It depicts the most important god, Zeus. The original statue was about 20ft tall (6m) and it made of solid gold. The contrast of the ivory, metal, and the large amount of gold used for the statue was stunning.

Eventually, the Greek people took the statue and melted parts of it down to use for coins and jewelry. Zeus at Olympia weights 10,000 lbs., or 4500kg. Most of the statue, however, turned up in Rome.

It was placed on the floor and the space the statue took up was used to hold events such as gladiator combats. Some of the Olympian statues were made in a way where one man at a time could carry it.

The statue was also moved around for a time. In the 5 th century BC, the statue was moved from Greece to Antioch and then on to Constantinople.

It was a very long journey to move such a big statue for a long time as well. The statue would have been moved via a ship as well. The statue was really heavy and so it was eventually broken up and transported on board.

The statue was finally moved to Greece and placed in the temple in the 6 th century.

Lighthouse of Alexandria

The lighthouse of Alexandria was a lighthouse in Alexandria, Egypt. The lighthouse was built in 294-288 BC upon an island in the early phases of the city. The lighthouse was designed by Julius Cezar, who was the Roman governor of the nearby Egyptian province of Aegyptus, who ordered that the work begin. The engineer Sostratus of Cnidus was the architect. Upon completion, it was the tallest freestanding stone structure in the ancient world. It was almost 50m (164 ft) high to the top of the urn atop its pole. Sostratus had designed another obelisk-shaped lighthouse at Alexandria, the Sostrion, designed in 228 BC, which was also the tallest of its time.

It cost 200 talents of silver to build. The lighthouse was painted red. The ruins of the lighthouse, including a large part of the base, built with enormous stones, were scattered around amid heaps of material by a severe earthquake, in December 1303, and the houses of the inhabitants of the city were mostly built over it, so that only a straight line of the foundation remained. It was discovered and excavated in 1957 by the French School of Archaeology, but restoration took 30 years, not finally being completed until 1980.

Temple of Artemis

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The temple was believed to have been built by the architects and craftsmen of Teos, a port in Ionia. The original of this temple was said to have been built on the foundations of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world.

The temple was considered to be one of the most important religious sites in the ancient Greek and Roman worlds, and the most important in the eastern Mediterranean. The temple stood on the crepe-covered steep slope of the Magnesian hill above the small town of Selçuk, which lies 35 km north of the city of İzmir, Turkey.

The site was greatly expanded and lavishly adorned by the Romans in the 1st century AD. It was one of the largest and most majestic temples in the Greek world, measuring 100 x 80 metres (328 x 260 ft) as originally built, but it soon fell into disrepair. Beginning in 431 AD, the temple was gradually converted to a Christian basilica, and much of the original Doric structure was destroyed by earthquakes in the 6th and 7th centuries.

Hanging Gardens

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were an oasis built for the kings of the ancient Babylon. They were lost to the world about two thousand years ago but left this fantastic description of their construction and design.

The hanging gardens were constructed over an area of about 137 by 125 metres.

There was a canal that ran from the Euphrates River into the gardens and then also returned back. There were trees all along the canal as well. The gardens were served by elevators to provide access and a water supply.

The exact reason for creation of the gardens is not certain, but it is believed that they may have been originally intended as a recreational hunting or luxury area. Another theory suggests that it was a magical religious place to worship the Babylonian gods, possibly including the god of wine, Tammuz.

There was a maze in the middle of the gardens to make sure that trespassers had a difficult time getting in and all while protecting the king’s garden from intruders.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were part of the amazing city of Babylon that was built on the plain of Shinar (modern day Iraq) in modern-day Iraq during the reign of King Sargon the Great from 2218 to 2154 BC.

Colossus of Rhodes

Although not much remains of the Colossus of Rhodes, the structure was a successful endeavor. The Colossus of Rhodes was built by the Greek sculptor Chares of Lindos using the money accumulated from the Rhodesias (He is said to have also got nine million dinars to build the lighthouse of Alexandria.

The Colossus of Rhodes stood 70 metres (230 ft) high, stood on the harbor entrance for close to 100 years, and remains the world’s largest freestanding stone statue.

Many credit the Colossus with scaring off pirates, but pirates have attacked ports and ships for centuries: a 16th century Dutch raid on Syracuse is described in a long letter from the Duke of Anjou to the King of England.

A thousand years ago three Byzantine emperors were held hostage in it, and Charlemagne and the Emperor Nicephorus occupied it as a garrison.

The nearby lighthouse, which is still partially standing, was constructed by the Alexandrians and destroyed by the Arabs in 640 after a siege that lasted thirty-seven days.

It was rebuilt in 713 by the Arabs on the orders of the Caliph Abd ar-Rahman al-Nasir; the first Arab governor of Rhodes was allowed to name one of the towers after himself. The Colossus was reportedly used as a powder magazine by the Arabs and then as a storehouse for gunpowder.

Great Pyramid of Giza

This was the only structure in the Giza complex that was intentionally made to be visible from the sky. It was built over a period of 20 years in two stages, by the Pharaoh Khafre (2589–2566 BC) and the Pharaoh Khufu (2566–2558 BC), who are the main builders credited with the structure. Its design incorporated aspects of many styles, incorporating the use of cenotaphs, sphinxes, and statues. Its purpose remains unknown, though theories include serving as a tomb, a palace, or a sun temple. It remains the largest of the three pyramids at the site.

The diagram below shows a bird’s-eye view of the pyramid, with the main chambers (King’s, Queen’s, and Buried) overlaid. The lower two chambers on each side are the burial chambers.