12 World Famous Geysers and Hot Springs

Martina Rosado
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Beppu

Onsen-Beppu, Japan.

Beppu, also called Beppu Onsen, is a city of around 65,000 in the south-western part of Japan, known for its hot springs. Star attractions are the and the .

The is a geothermal hot spring. It is located about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the northeast of Beppu Station. It is one of the most famous geothermal hot springs in the world.

Beppu is also home to the , the largest natural (hot spring river) in Japan. Fed by the with a temperature of 59 °C (139 °F), the river has become a popular bathing spot for locals and tourists. It runs through the city before exiting the city to the north.

Beppu is also the location of the largest underground chamber in the world. It is referred to as the. This underground cavern was originally constructed around 2000 BC to be used as a storehouse for copper.

The underground chamber contains several hundred thousand cubic meters of various types of minerals, which is an estimated 640,000 tons of copper, 420,000 tons of zinc and 15,000 tons of silver (140 million dollars at the rates in 2005). The mineral deposits are still being exploited today, and expeditions to the cavern are common.

Rincon de la Vieja

Valley of Geysers

Valley of Geysers is a fumarole field in Haukadalur in south east Iceland, home to 62 geysers, the most famous of which is Haukadalur itself.

It’s had a long history as a site of geothermal steam vents, which attracts many tourists to the area.

The valley is located in a volcanic rift valley in Southwestern Iceland, a part of Askja caldera. The terrain is flat, with some slight rolling hills. The average temperature is a relatively constant 10…C, with the average annual precipitation being 989 …mm. The valley is surrounded by several active volcanoes, including Askja, Grimsvotn, and S�dur.

There are two major geothermal areas in Haukadalur: lowland and highland. Lowland exhibits most of the geysers due to its high water concentration.

The highland area includes geothermal vents a bit farther away from the water, like those in M�lifell, the first geyser in the world to achieve visible growth. It now has three main craters and discharges water once every 8 to 20 minutes.

Haukadalur has inspired a dozen geyser researchers and enthusiasts to come from all over the world to study this unique phenomenon.

El Tatio

Rotorua

New Zealand.

The Rotorua area is not only full of geysers, but also some very famous hot springs. One of these springs is called The Emerald Pool and is located at Waikite Valley. This is the largest green-colored geothermal spring in the world. People from all over the world come to enjoy the natural beauty and the therapeutic effects that the waters of this spring have to offer.

Rotorua is also known for its boiling mud pools. The most well known of these is the geothermal area in Ngongotaha. These pools are located at the end of the Rotorua Māori Hot Springs Walkway. The Rotorua sulphur springs are another famous attraction. These are located on the basin floor in Rotorua. When you walk through the low-temperature springs in this area, you’re walking through boiling mud.

Huanglong

Huanglong Hot Spring is a hot spring located in Huanglong County of Xishuangbanna Prefecture in Yunnan province, China. Its water temperature is 104°F (40°C). The spring plays an important role in drinking water. Huanglong Hot Spring is literally "naked spring that washes clothes," as it washes the clothes of the citizens and dried the manure bring by the livestock throughout the year.

·6. Devil’s Pool, Yellowstone National Park, United States

This hot spring, a shallow basin at the base of an active hydrothermal system, is formed by fumarole vents that exit near the surface of the Yellowstone ground. The initial source of the hydrothermal fluid is likely due to the dissolving of solfataras.

The porous ground above the shallow pool is more likely to fracture, causing this pool to drain and become refilled with boiling water. The 125-180°F (57-82°C) water is at the surface even in winter. As this pool is essentially constantly boiling, visitors will often find the surface inhabited by tiny organisms. Visit on a day with a little snow on the ground to see local wildlife interacting with it.

·5. Toba – Sakurajima Eruption

Geysers of Haukadalur

Pamukkale

Pamukkale (Turkish for “cotton castle”), off of the Aegean coast of Anatolia, Turkey, is recognized as not just one of the 10 most beautiful sites in the world, but also one of the 7 natural wonders of the world. Pamukkale is a natural hot spring (thermal spa) located in the Upper (Central) region of Denizli Province of Turkey near the ruins of the ancient city of Hierapolis (or “Hierapolis-Alas”) partially submerged underneath the hot springs. The ruins of Pamukkale were added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1990.

The town is best known for its white travertine terraces, dating back to the 1st century BC, and its hot springs, which are filled with carbonated water and have a temperature of 40°C (104°F) to 45°C (113°F). The cascading springs are framed by the white travertine terraces that formed naturally by calcite deposits.

This is a very old city by the side of the river, which flows through the center of Hierapolis; a hot spring flows out of the hot earth there and a steamy water in Hierapolis was used to get water to the city.

Jigokudani Monkey Park

Dallol

Geyser: Al-Kubba Volcano, De'Dallol, Erta Ale, Ethiopia

This geyser is also a pool of 125 degrees Celsius. Dallol Geyser is located in Ethiopia. It is located in the “Bayur Massif” of the “Afar Depression of the Eastern Afar Region” in the Galana-Koraro Sub-basin of Ethiopia near the border of Djibouti and Somalia. The geyser is also known simply as Geyser…and Awash Geyser.

You can see the Dallol Geyser from about 3 kilometers distant! The symbol of geysers is located in the Galana-Koraro Basin. It is located in the “Awash Geothermal Power Plant” of the Geysers region. It’s about 40 kilometers to the nearby town of “Horodok” in the Ethiopian “Gonder Zone” of the “Oromia Region” of Ethiopia.

Blue Lagoon

Yellowstone

National Park, Wyoming.

This is one of the most awe-inspiring hot springs in the world. You have to stand between the two channels of blue water to truly feel how amazing the water is.

You can watch the water flow from the higher warmer channel down into the lower colder channel and watch it slowly heat up as it flows. Just be sure to follow all the safety precautions when visiting.

If you’re a fan of Mr. Peanut, I doubt you’ll ever be disappointed with Yellowstone Hot Springs. Grassy banks lead down to the warm blue pool. You can find a convenient dressing room and plenty of opportunities for soaking and cooling off.